15- STUDY THE EFFECT OF ADDING AQUEOUS EXTRACT OF CLOVE (Eugenia caryophyllus) TO DRINKING WATER IN PRODUCTIVITY AND PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFICIENCY OF BROILER CHICKEN
Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research.,
Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 165-175
AbstractThis study was to investigate study the effect of adding the aqueous extract of clove
(Eugenia caryophyllus) by two different levels to drink water to improve the productive
efficiency and some physiological characteristics of the broiler.
The study was carried out on 180 chicks of Hubbard at one day old. They were
divided randomly into three groups (60 bird in each group) with three replicates for each
group (20 bird for each replicate. In this experment, the bird was given two types of
diets, the first diet was a starter that has been feeding on the 1-2٢ day age-old , whereas
the second diet was finisher that has been feeding on 2٣-4٨ day age-old.
The experimental treatments divided into three groups. In control group, birds drink free
water without any addition. In group T1, birds received 1% of aqueous extract of clove
flower in drinking water, whereas group T2 received 5% of aqueous extract of clove
flower in drinking water.
The current study showed a significant improvement (p <0.05) in the production
efficiency of birds. Its included weight of the body, weight gain, feed conversion ratio,
feed and water consumption rate, decrease in mortality rate and improvement in some
blood traits including haemoglobin, white blood cell WBC, packed cell volume PCVin
treatment groups(T1, T2) compared with control group. As well as the results showed a
significant decrease (P <0.05) in the glucose level, cholesterol, urea and creatinine in both166
of treatment groups compared with the control group that intake water free from an
aqueous extract of clove.
From this study, we concluded that adding of aqueous extract of clove flower at
different concentrations led to improved productive and physiological effects of broiler
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