Volume 4, Issue 1, Spring 2005, Page 1-38


ISOLATION OF SOME HELIVIINTH PARASITES FROM MOUFFLON (Ovis ammon musiomon) IN IRAQ

S. A. K. Ali N. AL. Zahery; Muntasir O. A. AL. Ani

Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research., Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 1-3

Abomasum, liver and lung of l2 adult moulllon (o;is ammon
musiomon p) were investigated for helminths parasite which belong to ahcrd of about
170 animals. Tow species of nematoda and one fluke all from the digestive tract were
found Q L and Q (/(.'n(/I‘iI£'1_u_)g The present linding of these
parasite were considered the first in Iraq.

PREVALENCE OF HYDATIDOSIS AND HEPATIC FASCIOLIASIS IN SLAAT BASRAH ABATTOIRUGHTERED ANIMALS ‘‘

Esraa Abdul Wadood

Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research., Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 4-8

Astudy on the occurrence ofhydatidosis and liver fluke infection in slaughtered animals
was carried out overyear ( l999_200()) at basrah abattiors . the study carried 1851 sheep ,655
cattle and 172 but't'alo. The study showed 134 (7.2%) .55 (8.3% ) and 64(36 . 5 %) had
hydatid cyst respectively . the l'requenc_~ ol’ the cyst in lung o3(47.()l°/o) .29(52.72"/o) and 3l
(48.4%) in inspected animals (sheep .cattle and bulitalo ) while in liver 7I(52.9%) .36(65.4%)
and 33(51.5"/o) respectively also animals had been inspected for hepatic fascioliasis of -
5l(2.75%) .29 (4.42%) and 28 (l(>.2"/o ) respectively .
the rate of infection had also been reported according to seasonal variation among the
sam species of ammals,the study showed high infection rate with hydatid cyst in sheep.cattlc i
‘md bullill“ '” -“P""lt—’ l~“-3"“"?t) ~ l5.4""0)ilI1"/é») t‘c.~’Pecticl)’.while infection rate with
fascioliasis is high in sheep(3.2"/o) and bufl'alo(22.9%) in winter

BlOُNERGET‘lC OF OSMOREGULATION IN Liza abu .JUVINlLES DURING SALINITY .ACCUMULATION

Sumaya M.Ahmed

Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research., Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 9-16

Several physiological variables related to salinity acclimation in Liza abu were
examined, using oxygen consumption rate and glucose level as an indication of
osmoregulatory energetic. l~'reshwater acclimated I.. aim were transferred to two salinity (7
and 15 g/L) oxygen consumption rates. glucose levels and plasma ion concentrations (Na i.
K’) were measured after three days of transfer to higher salinity. Plasma ion concentrations
were elevated after transfer. Blood glucose level increased after transfer to salinity 7 g/L
while its level decreased in salinity 15 g/L compared to its level in freshwater. Oxygen
consumption rate increased one and half time of that in freshwater but no significant
difference were noticed in oxygen consumption rates between fish in both salinities (7 and
15 g/L) .'l'he amount of metabolic energy consumed during salinity acclimation were also
determined. The result showed that the physiological changes associated with salinity
acclimation impose a significant short - term energetic cost.

PREVALANCE OF SALMONELLA TYPHI CARRIER STATE PATIENTS WITH GLUCOSE-6-PHOSPHATE DEHYDROGENASE DEFICIENCY

Rahman K.Mohsen

Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research., Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 17-21

A case control study was conducted in Busrah at the period from March to
September 2002 . The population included in this study was divided into two groups . The
first group was included patents with G6pD deficiency and the second group was included
normal individuals as a control group .
Stool samples were collected from both groups for bacteriological e.'amination .
This study revealed that ; there was an association between G6pD deficiency and
Salmonella typhi carrier state and this association was statistically significant in urban
rather than rural area .

ASSESMENT OF CELL MEDIATED IMMUNITY AGAINST SALMONELLA TYPHI ANTIGENE IN GUINEA PIGS FOLLOWING INTRAPERITONEAL INJECTION OF SESITIZED SPLEEN CELLS

Khalil H. Al-Joboury

Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research., Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 22-29

In an assessment of cell mediated immunity against Salmonefl g_'p_h_i antigen in
Guinea pigs following their intraperitoneal injection with sensitized spleen cells. The
results were revealed a high level of cell mediated immunity against Salmonella typh_i_
antigen in the Guinea pigs intraperitonealy received the sensitized spleen cells (5x1 08/1111).
The level of cell mediated immunity was detected using delayed type hypersensitivity test.
Macrophages migration inhibition test and Erythrocytes rosette test.
The nonnal (nonsensitized) spleen cell recipient group (control group) was showed no
level ofcell mediated immunity using these tests.

ANITHROMBOTIC ACTIVITY OF ASCARIASIS INFECTION IN MICE

Abdul Jabbar Rasmi Huwaid

Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research., Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 30-34

The eggs of femares of .4.s'c'ari.s' I.zunhric'r)iclc.s‘ which collected from the
patients after given the hendazol (200mg) and then performed artificially hatching
and maturation of these eggs to obtain the third larvae stage. The results appeared
Prothromhin and thrombin clotting time when added the extract of the third larvae _‘
stage was prolonged when compare to the control.
This study is the first time because dose not any information regarding the
antithrombotic activity ofthe larvae

ANAESTHESIA IN THE RIVER TURTLE (CHELONAIA)

A. A- AL - Obidi

Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research., Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 35-38

Surgical anesthesia for chclonia (turtle). weighting between 6-10 kg. Was a ehieved
with the injectable pentobarbital and ketamine hydrochloride. Induction of duration and
recovery of individual turtles.
Limited data are available regarding dosages and responses for injectable anesthetics
a many reptiles. The varied results using dil’l‘crcnt dosage levels and routes of
administration for pentobarbital and ketamine HCl.
The purpose of the present study was to report anaesthetic dosages and responses for
turtles